Preparing for your appointment

You're likely to start by seeing your primary care doctor. He or she may refer you to a doctor who specializes in diabetes treatment (endocrinologist).

Here's some information to help you get ready for your appointment.

What you can do

Before your appointment, take these steps:

  • Ask about any pre-appointment restrictions. You'll probably need to fast for at least eight hours before your appointment so that your doctor can measure your fasting blood sugar level.
  • List symptoms you've been having and for how long.
  • List all medications, vitamins and supplements you take, including the doses.
  • List key personal and medical information, including other conditions, recent life changes and stressors.
  • Prepare questions to ask your doctor.

For prediabetes, some basic questions to ask your doctor include:

  • How can I prevent prediabetes from turning into type 2 diabetes?
  • Do I need to take medication? If so, what side effects can I expect?
  • I have other health conditions. How can I best manage them together?
  • How much do I need to exercise each week?
  • Should I avoid any foods? Can I still eat sugar?
  • Do I need to see a dietitian?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions, such as:

  • Has your weight changed recently?
  • Do you exercise regularly? If so, for how long and how often?
  • Do you have a family history of diabetes?
Nov. 22, 2016
References
  1. Melmed S, et al. Type 2 diabetes mellitus. In: Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 13th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 14, 2016.
  2. Jameson L, et al., eds. Type 2 diabetes mellitus: Etiology, pathogenesis, and natural history. In: Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 14, 2016.
  3. AskMayoExpert. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (adult). Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
  4. McCulloch DK, et al. Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 14, 2016.
  5. Laffel L, et al. Epidemiology, presentation, and diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 14, 2016.
  6. McCulloch DK, et al. Screening for type 2 diabetes mellitus. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 14, 2016.
  7. McCulloch DK, et al. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 14, 2016.
  8. Kowall B, et al. Associations among sleep disturbances, nocturnal sleep duration, daytime napping, and incident prediabetes and type 2 diabetes: The Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study. Sleep Medicine. 2016;21:35.
  9. Meigs JB. The metabolic syndrome (insulin resistance syndrome or syndrome X). http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 25, 2016.
  10. McCulloch DK. Overview of medical care in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 17, 2016.
  11. Stacey RB, et al. Prediabetes and the association with unrecognized myocardial infarction in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. American Heart Journal. 2015;170:923.
  12. Melsom T, et al. Prediabetes and risk of glomerular hyperfiltration and albuminuria in the general nondiabetic population: A prospective cohort study. American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 2016;67:841.
  13. Laffel L, et al. Management of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 17, 2016.
  14. Natural medicines in the clinical management of diabetes. Natural Medicines. http://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com. Accessed Oct. 17, 2016.