Self-management

Prevention

The only known way to prevent post-concussion syndrome is to avoid the head injury in the first place.

Avoiding head injuries

Although you can't prepare for every potential situation, here are some tips for avoiding common causes of head injuries:

  • Fasten your seat belt whenever you're traveling in a car, and be sure children are in age-appropriate safety seats. Children under 13 are safest riding in the back seat, especially if your car has air bags.
  • Use helmets whenever you or your children are bicycling, roller-skating, in-line skating, ice-skating, skiing, snowboarding, playing football, batting or running the bases in softball or baseball, skateboarding, or horseback riding. Wear a helmet when riding a motorcycle.
  • Take action at home to prevent falls, such as removing small area rugs, improving lighting and installing handrails.
July 28, 2017
References
  1. Smith ST. Postconcussion syndrome: An overview for clinicians. Psychiatric Annals. 2017;47:77.
  2. Mullally WJ. Concussion. The American Journal of Medicine. In press. Accessed May 30, 2017.
  3. Tapia RN, et al. Rehabilitation of persistent symptoms after concussion. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. 2017;28:287.
  4. Evans RW. Postconcussion syndrome. https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 24, 2017.
  5. Ferri FF. Postconcussive syndrome. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2017. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 2, 2017.
  6. Bramley H, et al. Mild traumatic brain injury and post-concussion syndrome. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review. 2016;24:123.
  7. Schultz BA (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 13, 2017.
  8. What can I do to help prevent traumatic brain injury? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/prevention.html. Accessed June 2, 2017.
  9. Bellamkonda E (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 13, 2017.