The term "eruption" refers to the rash, which usually appears within minutes to hours — or sometimes within a couple of days — after exposure to sunlight. The rash usually appears on areas of the body that tend to be covered during winter but exposed in summer: the upper chest, front of the neck and the arms.
Characteristics of the rash may include:
- Dense clusters of small bumps
- Raised rough patches
- Itching or burning
- Blistering and swelling (less common)
Rarely people may have other signs or symptoms, such as fever, chills, headache or nausea. These conditions may be the result of an associated sunburn rather than polymorphous light eruption.
When to see a doctor
See your doctor if:
- You have any rash with no obvious cause, such as a known allergy or known exposure to poison ivy
A number of conditions — including some serious diseases — can cause skin rashes with similar appearances. It's important to get a prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
Seek immediate medical care if your rash is:
Apr. 10, 2014
- Accompanied by fever
- Elmets CA. Polymorphous light eruption. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 6, 2013.
- Photosensitivity. The Merck Manuals: The Merck Manual for Health Care Professionals. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/dermatologic_disorders/reactions_to_sunlight/photosensitivity.html#v961913. Accessed Nov. 14, 2013.
- Honigsmann H. Polymorphous light eruption. Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine. 2008;24:155.
- Longo DL, et al. Harrison's Online. 18th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=4. Accessed Nov. 6, 2013.
- Sunscreen FAQs. American Academy of Dermatology. http://www.aad.org/media/background/factsheets/fact_sunscreen.htm. Accessed Nov. 14, 2013.
- Bissonnette R, et al. Influence of the quantity of sunscreen applied on the ability to protect against ultraviolet-induced polymorphous light eruption. Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine. 2012;28:240.
- Sun protective clothing. American Melanoma Foundation. http://www.melanomafoundation.org/prevention/clothing.htm. Accessed Nov. 14, 2013.
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