In-depth

Complications

Pneumonia

Symptoms

Shortness of breath

Symptom Checker

Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom.

Tests and diagnosis

Chest X-rays

CT scan

Ultrasound

Nov. 12, 2016
References
  1. What are pleurisy and other pleural disorders? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pleurisy/. Accessed Sept. 12, 2016.
  2. Ferri FF. Pleurisy. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2017. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Sept. 12, 2016.
  3. Mason RJ, et al. Pleural effusion. In: Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Sept. 12, 2016.
  4. Kliegman RM, et al. Pleurisy, pleural effusions, and empyema. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Sept. 12, 2016.
  5. Patient information: Pleuritic chest pain. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 12, 2016.
  6. Lee YCG. Diagnostic evaluation of pleural effusion in adults: Additional tests for undetermined etiology. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 12, 2016.
  7. Sheski FD. An overview of medical thoracoscopy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 19, 2016.