Often, peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis is caused by germs around the catheter. If you're receiving peritoneal dialysis, take the following steps to prevent peritonitis:

  • Wash your hands, including underneath your fingernails and between your fingers, before touching the catheter.
  • Clean the skin around the catheter with an antiseptic every day.
  • Store your supplies in a sanitary area.
  • Wear a surgical mask during your dialysis fluid exchanges.
  • If you have pets, don't sleep with them.
  • Talk with your dialysis care team about proper care for your peritoneal dialysis catheter.

If you've had spontaneous peritonitis before or if you have peritoneal fluid buildup due to a medical condition such as cirrhosis, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to prevent peritonitis. If you’re taking a proton pump inhibitor, your doctor may ask you to stop taking it.

If you develop new abdominal pain or have a new injury

Peritonitis may result from a burst appendix or trauma-related abdominal injury.

  • Seek immediate medical attention if you develop abdominal pain so severe that you're unable to sit still or find a comfortable position.
  • Call 911 or emergency medical assistance if you have severe abdominal pain following an accident or injury.
March 31, 2015

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