In-depth

Prevention

Oral health basics

How often do you need to replace your toothbrush? Is mouth rinse necessary? Get the facts on how to keep your smile healthy.

Symptoms

Dry mouth

April 14, 2017
References
  1. Periodontitis (pyorrhea). Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/dental-disorders/periodontal-disorders/periodontitis. Accessed Nov. 10, 2016.
  2. Periodontal (gum) disease: Causes, symptoms, and treatments. National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/oralhealth/Topics/GumDiseases/PeriodontalGumDisease.htm#. Accessed Nov. 10, 2016.
  3. Gum disease information. American Academy of Periodontology. https://www.perio.org/consumer/gum-disease.htm. Accessed Nov. 10, 2016.
  4. Wilder RS, et al. Gingivitis and periodontitis in adults: Classification and dental treatment. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 11, 2016.
  5. Smiley CJ, et al. Evidence-based clinical practice guideline on the nonsurgical treatment of chronic periodontitis by means of scaling and root planning with or without adjuncts. Journal of the American Dental Association. 2015;146:525.
  6. Gum disease. American Dental Association. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/g/gum-disease. Accessed Nov. 11, 2016.
  7. Oral health. American Dental Association. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/o/oral-health. Accessed Nov. 11, 2016.
  8. Periodontal treatments and procedures. American Academy of Periodontology. https://www.perio.org/consumer/treatments-procedures. Accessed Nov. 11, 2016.
  9. Brushing your teeth. American Dental Association. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/b/brushing-your-teeth. Accessed Nov. 15, 2016.
  10. Salinas TJ (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Dec. 4, 2016.