In-depth

Causes

Marfan syndrome

Symptoms

Fatigue

Heart murmurs

Wheezing

Tests and diagnosis

Chest X-rays

CT scan

Echocardiogram

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)

Stress test

May 02, 2017
References
  1. Kliegman RM, et al. Skeletal diseases influencing pulmonary function. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 18, 2017.
  2. Mayer OH. Pectus excavatum: Etiology and evaluation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 18, 2017.
  3. AskMayoExpert. Pectus excavatum. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  4. Holcomb GW, et al. Congenital chest wall deformities. In: Ashcraft's Pediatric Surgery. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 18, 2017.
  5. Mayer OH. Pectus excavatum: Treatment. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 18, 2017.
  6. Jaroszewski DE, et al. Success of minimally invasive pectus excavatum procedures (modified Nuss) in adult patients. Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 2016;102:993.
  7. Brown AY. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Jan. 30, 2017.
  8. Jaroszewski DE (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz. Feb. 12, 2017.