In-depth

Causes

Adenomyosis

Adenomyosis can cause painful, excessive bleeding during menstrual periods. Explore symptoms and treatment.

Bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatments and prevention of this common vaginal infection.

Chlamydia

Are you worried you might have chlamydia? Find out how this common sexually transmitted infection is diagnosed and treated.

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a common and often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus grows outside your uterus.

Perimenopause

Perimenopause — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment, self-care of this life transition for women.

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of this sexually transmitted infection.

Complications

Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is a common and often preventable reproductive cancer. Find out what cervical cancer is and how it's treated.

Chronic pelvic pain in women

Chronic pelvic pain is pain in your pelvic region — the area below your bellybutton and between your hips — that lasts six months or longer.

Interstitial lung disease

Interstitial lung disease causes scarring in the air sacs in the lungs, making breathing more difficult.

Rectovaginal fistula

Rectovaginal fistula — Comprehensive overview explains treatment of this complication due to childbirth, Crohn's disease, cancer or other causes.

Vaginitis

Vaginitis is an irritating inflammation of the vagina often caused by fungi (yeasts), bacteria or parasites. Treatment depends on the type of vaginitis you have.

Risk factors

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the most common preventable cause of infertility in the United States, but some women don't find out soon enough.

Symptoms

Vagina

Vaginal health is too important to ignore. Get the facts about how to keep your vagina healthy.

Vaginal atrophy

You don't have to accept vaginal problems as part of getting older. Discover treatment options.

Vulvodynia

Vulvodynia (chronic vulvar pain) can cause bothersome pain and irritation for women. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms.

Tests and diagnosis

Pelvic exam

A pelvic exam may be done as a part of a routine checkup to evaluate your gynecologic health, or to help diagnose a medical condition.

Ultrasound

Ultrasound imaging uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of structures in your body.

Treatments and drugs

Sex therapy

Sex therapy — Overview covers definition, preparation and what to expect from therapy to address sexual issues.

Jan. 25, 2012