Some women develop less common types of cysts that may not produce symptoms, but that a doctor may find during a pelvic exam. Cystic ovarian masses that develop after menopause may be cancerous (malignant). That's why it's important to have regular pelvic exams.
Infrequent complications associated with ovarian cysts include:
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- Ovarian torsion. Cysts that become large may cause the ovary to move out of its usual position in the pelvis. This increases the chance of painful twisting of your ovary, called ovarian torsion.
- Rupture. A cyst that ruptures may cause severe pain and lead to internal bleeding.
- Ovarian cysts. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq075.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20140523T1226073428. Accessed May 23, 2014.
- Lentz GM, et al. Comprehensive Gynecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 24, 2014.
- Ferri FF. Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2014: 5 Books in 1. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2014. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 24, 2014.
- Liu JH, et al. Management of the adnexal mass. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2011;117:1413.
- Muto MG. Management of the adnexal mass. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 23, 2014.
- Hoffman MS. Differential diagnosis of the adnexal mass. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 28, 2014.
- Muto MG. Approach to the patient with an adnexal mass. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 23, 2014.
- Ovarian cysts fact sheet. Office on Women's Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/ovarian-cysts.html. Accessed May 23, 2014.