Self-management

Prevention

Osteomalacia caused by inadequate sun exposure or a diet low in vitamin D often can be prevented by getting enough vitamin D.

  • Eat foods high in vitamin D. Foods naturally rich in vitamin D include oily fish (salmon, mackerel, sardines) and egg yolks. Also look for foods fortified with vitamin D, such as cereal, bread, milk and yogurt.
  • Take supplements, if needed. If you don't get enough vitamins and minerals in your diet or if you have a medical condition affecting the ability of your digestive system to absorb nutrients properly, ask your doctor about taking vitamin D and calcium supplements.

Unprotected sun exposure can increase your risk of skin cancer. There's no consensus among experts about what amount of sun exposure is safe and enough to prevent or treat osteomalacia.

April 29, 2017
References
  1. Drezner MK. Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of osteomalacia. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 18, 2016.
  2. Osteomalacia. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center. https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/7285/osteomalacia. Accessed Dec. 18, 2016.
  3. Chen J, et al. Vitamin D deficiency and sub-clinical osteomalacia in axial spondyloarthropathy. Rheumatology. 2016;6:1.
  4. Bhan A, et al. Osteomalacia as a result of vitamin D deficiency. Rheumatology Disease Clinics of North America. 2012;38:81.
  5. Menkes CJ. Epidemiology and etiology of osteomalacia. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 18, 2016.
  6. Evaluation, treatment, and prevention of vitamin D deficiency: An Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. Chevy Chase, Md.: The Endocrine Society. http://www.endocrine.org/education-and-practice-management/clinical-practice-guidelines. Accessed Dec. 19, 2016.
  7. Vitamin D. American Academy of Dermatology. https://www.aad.org/media/stats/prevention-and-care/vitamin-d-and-uv-exposure. Accessed Dec. 19, 2016.