Several factors may contribute to developing orchitis. For nonsexually transmitted orchitis, they include:

  • Not being immunized against mumps
  • Having recurring urinary tract infections
  • Having surgery that involves the genitals or urinary tract, because of the risk of infection
  • Being born with an abnormality in the urinary tract (congenital)

High-risk sexual behaviors that can lead to STIs also put you at risk of sexually transmitted orchitis. They include having:

  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Sex with a partner who has an STI
  • Sex without a condom
  • A personal history of an STI
Oct. 07, 2011

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