The cause of ocular rosacea, like skin rosacea, is unknown, but it may be due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors.
A number of factors can aggravate rosacea, so they can aggravate ocular rosacea, as well. Some of these factors include:
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- Consuming hot foods or beverages
- Eating spicy foods
- Drinking alcohol
- Being in extreme cold or heat
- Being in sunlight
- Being stressed, angry or embarrassed
- Exercising strenuously
- Taking hot baths or being in hot tubs, steam rooms or saunas
- Taking drugs that dilate blood vessels, including some blood pressure medications
- Rosacea. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Rosacea/default.asp. Accessed May 14, 2012.
- Bron A. Ocular rosacea. http://www.uptodate.com/index. Accessed May 14, 2012.
- Riordan-Eva P, et al. Vaughan & Asbury's General Ophthalmology. 18th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2011. http://www.accessmedicine.com/content.aspx?aID=55781421. Accessed May 14, 2012.
- Webster GF. Rosacea. Medical Clinics of North America. 2009;93:1183.
- Paralejo B, et al. Dermatologic and allergic conditions of the eyelid. Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America. 2008;28:137.