Treatments and drugsBy Mayo Clinic Staff
Treatment is aimed at controlling the itching, preventing scratching and addressing underlying causes.
- Anti-inflammatory medicated creams. If over-the-counter corticosteroid cream isn't helping, your doctor may prescribe a stronger version of this drug. A calcineurin inhibitor (tacrolimus) ointment may help if the vulva is involved.
- Corticosteroid injections. Your doctor may inject corticosteroids directly into the affected skin to help it heal.
- Anti-itch medications. Prescription antihistamines help relieve itching in many people with neurodermatitis. Some of these drugs may cause drowsiness and help with alleviating scratching while you sleep.
- Anti-anxiety drugs. Because anxiety and stress can trigger neurodermatitis, anti-anxiety drugs may help prevent the itchiness.
- Light therapy. Exposing the affected skin to particular types of light is sometimes helpful.
- Psychotherapy. Talking with a counselor can help you learn how your emotions and behaviors can fuel — or prevent — itching and scratching.
Further study is needed, but some small studies have reported success with the following treatments:
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- Botulinum toxin (Botox) injection. This technique may reduce itching and clear up the rough skin patches.
- Aspirin solution. Applying a solution combining aspirin and dichloromethane has been effective for some people with neurodermatitis.
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