Treatment for nasal and paranasal tumors depends on where your tumor is located and what types of cells are involved. Your health care team will work with you to devise a treatment plan that is best for your particular tumor.
Most nasal and paranasal tumors are treated with surgery to remove the tumor. Surgical options may include:
- Open surgery. Surgeons may need to make an incision near your nose or in your mouth to access your nasal cavity or sinus. Surgeons remove the tumor and any areas that may be affected, such as nearby bone.
- Minimally invasive surgery. In certain situations, surgeons may be able to access the tumor using nasal endoscopy and special tools. The tools are inserted through your nose and a tiny camera allows surgeons to perform the operation.
Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy can be used on its own or after surgery to treat nasal and paranasal tumors.
New technology allows radiation oncologists to carefully plan and deliver radiation so that cancer cells are killed and healthy tissue nearby is spared. This reduces the risk of side effects during radiation therapy.
Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells. In people with nasal and paranasal tumors, chemotherapy may be used before or after an operation. Chemotherapy may also be used in combination with radiation therapy.
Jul. 08, 2013