Factors that may increase your risk of myelodysplastic syndromes include:

  • Older age. Most people with myelodysplastic syndromes are adults older than 60.
  • Being male. Myelodysplastic syndromes occur more frequently in men than in women.
  • Treatment with chemotherapy or radiation. Your risk of myelodysplastic syndromes is increased if you received chemotherapy or radiation, both of which are commonly used to treat cancer.
  • Exposure to certain chemicals. Chemicals linked to myelodysplastic syndromes include tobacco smoke, pesticides and industrial chemicals, such as benzene.
  • Exposure to heavy metals. Heavy metals linked to myelodysplastic syndromes include lead and mercury.
Nov. 04, 2011

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