- Experience. Mayo Clinic doctors trained in brain and nervous system conditions (neurologists), brain and nervous system surgery (neurosurgeons) and others treat close to 14,000 people every year who have movement disorders. Neurologists at each Mayo Clinic location have specific expertise in several types of movement disorders.
- Team approach. Mayo Clinic neurologists, neurosurgeons and other doctors trained in movement disorders work together to determine the most appropriate treatment for your condition.
- Latest diagnostic tools. Mayo Clinic doctors use detailed imaging tests, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), movement neurophysiology and other tests, to diagnose movement disorders.
- Cutting-edge treatment. Mayo Clinic neurologists, neurosurgeons and other doctors have expertise in treating movement disorders with botox (botulinum toxin) injections, deep brain stimulation (DBS) and other therapies.
- Research leader. Mayo Clinic doctors trained in movement disorders study research in genetics, molecular mechanisms, pathology and diagnosis and treatment options for movement disorders and conduct clinical trials.
Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., ranks No. 1 for neurology and neurosurgery in the U.S. News & World Report Best Hospitals rankings. Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Ariz., and Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., are ranked among the Best Hospitals for neurology and neurosurgery by U.S. News & World Report. Mayo Clinic also ranks among the Best Children's Hospitals for neurology and neurosurgery.
Mayo Clinic doctors trained in brain and nervous system conditions (neurologists) and brain and nervous system surgery (neurosurgeons) treat a full range of movement disorders, including:
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- Ataxia. Ataxia is a neurological condition that affects the part of your brain that controls coordinated movement (cerebellum). Ataxia may cause uncoordinated movements, imbalance and other symptoms.
- Dystonia. Dystonia is a neurological condition in which your muscles contract involuntarily and may cause twisting and repetitive movements. Dystonia may involve the entire body (generalized dystonia) or one part of the body (focal dystonia).
- Essential tremor. Essential tremor is a neurological condition that causes involuntary shaking (tremors). Your hands often are affected, but other parts of your body also may be affected.
- Huntington's disease. Huntington's disease is an inherited progressive, neurodegenerative disorder that causes certain nerve cells in your brain to deteriorate. This condition may cause uncontrolled movements, decreased thinking abilities (cognitive abilities), and emotional and mental health disturbances (psychiatric conditions).
- Multiple system atrophy. Multiple system atrophy is an uncommon, progressive neurological disorder that affects many areas of your brain and nervous system. Multiple system atrophy may cause ataxia or parkinsonism. This condition frequently impairs body systems that modulate your blood pressure, heart rate and bladder function (autonomic function).
- Myoclonus. Myoclonus is a condition in which you have sudden, jerky movements or intermittent spasms of a muscle or group of muscles.
- Parkinson's disease. Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects your movement and may cause shaking (tremor), muscle stiffness (rigidity), slowing of movement, impaired balance or other symptoms. Parkinsonism describes a group of conditions that has symptoms similar to those of Parkinson's disease.
- Progressive supranuclear palsy. Progressive supranuclear palsy is a rare neurological disorder that causes you to have problems with walking, balance and eye movements. It resembles Parkinson's disease but is a distinct condition.
- Restless legs syndrome. Restless legs syndrome causes unpleasant, abnormal feelings in your legs while you're relaxing or lying down. Your symptoms often are relieved by movement.
- Tardive dyskinesia. Tardive dyskinesia is a neurological condition caused by long-term use of certain drugs used to treat psychiatric conditions (neuroleptic drugs). Tardive dyskinesia causes repetitive and involuntary movements such as grimacing, eye blinking and other movements.
- Tourette syndrome. Tourette syndrome is a neurological condition that starts between childhood and teenage years and is associated with repetitive movements (motor tics) and vocal sounds (vocal tics).
- Wilson's disease. Wilson's disease is an inherited (genetic) disorder that causes excessive amounts of copper to build up in your body, causing neurological problems.
- Movement disorders. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. http://www.aans.org/Patient%20Information/Conditions%20and%20Treatments/Movement%20Disorders.aspx. Accessed Aug. 18, 2014.
- Daroff RB, et al. Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 18, 2014.
- Overview of movement and cerebellar disorders. The Merck Manual for Health Care Professionals. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/neurologic_disorders/movement_and_cerebellar_disorders/overview_of_movement_and_cerebellar_disorders.html. Accessed Aug. 18, 2014.
- Cook AJ. Decision Support System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 10, 2014.
- Use of botulinum neurotoxin injections to treat movement disorders. American Academy of Neurology. https://www.aan.com/Guidelines/Home/GetGuidelineContent/283. Accessed Aug. 18, 2014.
- Restless legs syndrome fact sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/restless_legs/detail_restless_legs.htm. Accessed Aug. 18, 2014.