To help relieve morning sickness:
Sept. 18, 2014
- Choose foods carefully. Select foods that are high in carbohydrates or protein, low in fat, and easy to digest. Salty foods are sometimes helpful, as are foods that contain ginger — such as ginger lollipops. Avoid greasy, spicy and fatty foods.
- Snack often. Before getting out of bed in the morning, eat a few soda crackers or a piece of dry toast. Nibble throughout the day, rather than eating three larger meals. An empty stomach may make nausea worse.
- Drink plenty of fluids. Sip water or ginger ale. It may also help to suck on hard candy, ice chips or ice pops.
- Pay attention to nausea triggers. Avoid foods or smells that seem to make your nausea worse.
- Breathe fresh air. Weather permitting, open the windows in your home or workplace. Take a daily walk outdoors.
- Take care with prenatal vitamins. If you feel queasy after taking prenatal vitamins, take the vitamins at night or with a snack. It may also help to chew gum or suck on hard candy after taking your prenatal vitamin. If these steps don't help, ask your pregnancy care provider about other ways you can get the iron and vitamins you need during pregnancy.
- Smith JA, et al. Treatment and outcomes of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July. 10, 2014.
- American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) Committee on Practice Bulletins — Obstetrics. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 52. Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2004;103:803.
- Frequently asked questions. Pregnancy FAQ126. Morning sickness. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq126.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20140710T1203324342. Accessed July 10, 2014.
- AskMayoExpert. What medications can be used if lifestyle modification is not effective for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy? Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2013.
- Creasy RK, et al. Creasy and Resnik's Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 10, 2014.
- Goodwin TM. Hyperemesis gravidarum. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America. 2008;35:401.
- Ginger. Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. http://www.naturaldatabase.com. Accessed July 17, 2014.
- Acupressure. Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. http://www.naturaldatabase.com. Accessed July 17, 2014.
- Maltepe C, et al. The management of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum — a 2013 update. Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology. 2013;20:e184.
- Slaughter SR, et al. FDA approval of doxylamine-pyridoxine therapy for use in pregnancy. New England Journal of Medicine. 2014;370:1081.
- Czeizel AE, et al. The effect of periconceptional multivitamin-mineral supplementation on vertigo, nausea and vomiting in the first trimester of pregnancy. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 1992;251:181.
- Emelianova S, et al. Prevalence and severity of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy and effect of vitamin supplementation. Clinical and Investigative Medicine. 1999;22:106.
- Gabbe SE, et al. Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 10, 2014.
- Harms RW (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 10, 2014.
- Refruezo JS, et al. Clinical features and evaluation of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 10, 2014.
- Diclegis (prescribing information). Bryn Mawr, Penn.: Duchesnay Inc., 2013. http://www.diclegis.com/pdf/Diclegis_Full_Prescribing_Information.pdf. Accessed July 10, 2014.
- FDA approves Diclegis for pregnant women experiencing nausea and vomiting. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm347087.htm. Accessed July 10, 2014.
- Murry MM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 27, 2014.
- Parisa Y, et al. The effect of lemon inhalation aromatherapy on nausea and vomiting of pregnancy: A double-blinded, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. 2014;16:e14360.
- Pasha H, et al. Study of the effect of mint oil on nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal. 2012;14:727.
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