In-depth

Complications

Bronchitis

Flu shots and heart disease

Pulmonary hypertension

Symptoms

Edema

Fatigue

Heart murmurs

Heart palpitations

Heart palpitations are skipped, fluttering or racing heartbeats that aren't usually a symptom of a serious heart problem. Discover the causes and symptoms of this condition.

Shortness of breath

Tests and diagnosis

Cardiac catheterization

Chest X-rays

Echocardiogram

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)

Holter monitor

Treatments and drugs

Heart valve surgery

Mitral valve repair and mitral valve replacement

Aug. 29, 2017
References
  1. Ferri FF. Mitral stenosis. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2018. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2018. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 12, 2017.
  2. Bonow RO, et al., eds. Valvular heart disease. In: Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 12, 2017.
  3. Heart valve disease. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hvd/. Accessed July 12, 2017.
  4. Mitral stenosis. Merck Manual Professional Version. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/cardiovascular-disorders/valvular-disorders/mitral-stenosis. Accessed July 12, 2017.
  5. Meyer TE, et al. Pathophysiology and natural history of mitral stenosis. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed July 12, 2017.
  6. Nishimura RA, et al. 2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2014;148:e1.
  7. Goldman L, et al., eds. Valvular heart disease. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 12, 2017.
  8. Lifestyle changes for heart failure. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartFailure/TreatmentOptionsForHeartFailure/Lifestyle-Changes-for-Heart-Failure_UCM_306341_Article.jsp#.WWpayITyt0w. Accessed July 12, 2017.
  9. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 17, 2017.
  10. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 17, 2017.

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