Lifestyle and home remedies
Changes to your diet may help relieve diarrhea that you experience with microscopic colitis. Try to:
- Drink plenty of fluids. Water is best, but fluids with added sodium and potassium (electrolytes) may help as well. Try drinking broth or watered-down fruit juice. Avoid beverages that are high in sugar or sorbitol or contain alcohol or caffeine, such as coffee, tea and colas, which may aggravate your symptoms.
- Choose soft, easy-to-digest foods. These include applesauce, bananas, melons and rice. Avoid high-fiber foods such as beans and nuts, and eat only well-cooked vegetables. If you feel as though your symptoms are improving, slowly add high-fiber foods back to your diet.
- Eat several small meals rather than a few large meals. Spacing meals throughout the day may ease diarrhea.
- Avoid irritating foods. Stay away from spicy, fatty or fried foods and any other foods that make your symptoms worse.
Aug. 19, 2017
- Feldman M, et al. Other diseases of the colon and rectum. In: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan.6, 2016.
- Microscopic colitis: Collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis. National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/microscopic-colitis/Pages/facts.aspx. Accessed Jan.6, 2016.
- Dietrich CF. Lymphocytic and collagenous colitis (microscopic colitis): Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and management. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 6, 2016.
- Pardi DS. Microscopic colitis. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine. 2014;30:5.
- Nguyen GC, et al. American Gastroenterological Association Institute guideline on the medical management of microscopic colitis. Gastroenterology. 2016;150:242.
- Münch A, et al. Microscopic colitis: Clinical and pathologic perspectives. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2015;13:228.
- Ohlsson B. New insights and challenges in microscopic colitis. Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology. 2015;8:37.
- Nutrition therapy for diarrhea. Nutrition Care Manual. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. https://www.nutritioncaremanual.org/client_ed.cfm?ncm_client_ed_id=20. Accessed Jan. 7, 2016.
- McNally PR. Colitis: Pseudomembranous, microscopic and radiation. In: GI/Liver Secrets Plus. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. https:// www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 8, 2016.
- U.S. News best hospitals 2015-2016. U.S. News & World Report. http://health.usnews.com/best-hospitals/rankings/gastroenterology-and-gi-surgery. Accessed Dec. 27, 2015.
- Picco MF (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla. Jan. 10, 2016.