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July 26, 2017
References
  1. Menopause. National Institute on Aging. http://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/menopause. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  2. Casper RF, et al. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of menopause. https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  3. Longo DL, et al., eds. Menopause and postmenopausal hormone therapy. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  4. Nelson LM, et al. Clinical manifestation and evaluation of spontaneous primary ovarian insufficiency (premature ovarian failure). https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  5. Menopausal symptoms and complementary health practices. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://nccam.nih.gov/health/menopause/menopausesymptoms. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  6. Heart disease facts. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/facts.htm. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  7. Santen RJ, et al. Menopausal hot flashes. https://www.uptodate.com. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  8. Martin KA, et al. Menopausal hormone therapy: Benefits and risks. https://www.uptodate.com. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  9. Yoga, Kegel exercises, pelvic floor physical therapy. The North American Menopause Society. https://www.menopause.org/for-women/sexual-health-menopause-online/effective-treatments-for-sexual-problems/yoga-kegel-exercises-pelvic-floor-physical-therapy. Accessed April 23, 2017.
  10. North American Menopause Society. The 2017 hormone therapy position statement of: The North American Menopause Society. Menopause. 2017;24:1.
  11. MenoNote: Vaginal dryness. The North American Menopause Society. http://www.menopause.org/publications/consumer-publications/-i-menonotes-i-. Accessed April 23, 2017.
  12. Welt CK, et al. Pathogenesis and causes of spontaneous primary ovarian insufficiency (premature ovarian failure). https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 23, 2017.
  13. Welt CK, et al. Ovarian development and failure (menopause) in normal women. https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 23, 2017.
  14. Frequently asked questions. Women's health FAQ047. The Menopause Years. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/The-Menopause-Years. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  15. North American Menopause Society. Nonhormonal management of menopause-associated vasomotor symptoms: 2015 position statement of The North American Menopause Society. Menopause. 2015; 22:1155.
  16. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee on Practice Bulletins — Gynecology. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 141: Management of Menopausal Symptoms. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2014;123:202.
  17. Rosen HR, et al. Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and evaluation of osteoporosis in post-menopausal women. https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  18. Menopause. Natural Medicines. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com. Accessed April 27, 2017.
  19. Dodin S, et al. Acupuncture for menopausal hot flushes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD007410.pub2/abstract. Accessed April 23, 2017.
  20. Laughlin-Tommaso SK (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. May 9, 2017.
  21. Bachmann G, et al. Treatment of genitourinary syndrome of menopause (vulvovaginal atrophy). https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2017.
  22. Home use tests: Menopause. Food and Drug Administration. https://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/ProductsandMedicalProcedures/InVitroDiagnostics/HomeUseTests/ucm125824.htm. Accessed July 18, 2017.