In-depth

Alternative medicine

Acupuncture


Complications

Weight gain after menopause

Concerned about menopause weight gain? Take control of your weight with healthy lifestyle choices - starting today!

Lifestyle and home remedies

Belly fat in women

Are you annoyed by your expanding waistline? Here's why belly fat is so common in women — and what you can do about it.

Diabetes and menopause

Fitness tips for menopause

Want to prevent weight gain and promote good health as you get older? Follow these fitness tips for menopause.

Quit-smoking strategies

Symptoms

Amenorrhea

Although the absence of menstruation (amenorrhea) is seldom serious, the condition can often be linked to an underlying problem requiring treatment.

Dry skin

Treatments and drugs

Hormone replacement therapy and your heart

Hormone therapy

Menopause hormone therapy

Aug. 07, 2017
References
  1. Menopause. National Institute on Aging. http://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/menopause. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  2. Casper RF, et al. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of menopause. https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  3. Longo DL, et al., eds. Menopause and postmenopausal hormone therapy. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  4. Nelson LM, et al. Clinical manifestation and evaluation of spontaneous primary ovarian insufficiency (premature ovarian failure). https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  5. Menopausal symptoms and complementary health practices. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://nccam.nih.gov/health/menopause/menopausesymptoms. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  6. Heart disease facts. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/facts.htm. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  7. Santen RJ, et al. Menopausal hot flashes. https://www.uptodate.com. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  8. Martin KA, et al. Menopausal hormone therapy: Benefits and risks. https://www.uptodate.com. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  9. Yoga, Kegel exercises, pelvic floor physical therapy. The North American Menopause Society. https://www.menopause.org/for-women/sexual-health-menopause-online/effective-treatments-for-sexual-problems/yoga-kegel-exercises-pelvic-floor-physical-therapy. Accessed April 23, 2017.
  10. North American Menopause Society. The 2017 hormone therapy position statement of: The North American Menopause Society. Menopause. 2017;24:1.
  11. MenoNote: Vaginal dryness. The North American Menopause Society. http://www.menopause.org/publications/consumer-publications/-i-menonotes-i-. Accessed April 23, 2017.
  12. Welt CK, et al. Pathogenesis and causes of spontaneous primary ovarian insufficiency (premature ovarian failure). https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 23, 2017.
  13. Welt CK, et al. Ovarian development and failure (menopause) in normal women. https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 23, 2017.
  14. Frequently asked questions. Women's health FAQ047. The Menopause Years. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/The-Menopause-Years. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  15. North American Menopause Society. Nonhormonal management of menopause-associated vasomotor symptoms: 2015 position statement of The North American Menopause Society. Menopause. 2015; 22:1155.
  16. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee on Practice Bulletins — Gynecology. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 141: Management of Menopausal Symptoms. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2014;123:202.
  17. Rosen HR, et al. Clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and evaluation of osteoporosis in post-menopausal women. https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 24, 2017.
  18. Menopause. Natural Medicines. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com. Accessed April 27, 2017.
  19. Dodin S, et al. Acupuncture for menopausal hot flushes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD007410.pub2/abstract. Accessed April 23, 2017.
  20. Laughlin-Tommaso SK (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. May 9, 2017.
  21. Bachmann G, et al. Treatment of genitourinary syndrome of menopause (vulvovaginal atrophy). https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2017.
  22. Home use tests: Menopause. Food and Drug Administration. https://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/ProductsandMedicalProcedures/InVitroDiagnostics/HomeUseTests/ucm125824.htm. Accessed July 18, 2017.