Menopause hormone therapy: Pros and cons

By Mayo Clinic Staff

To help control the symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness and extreme mood fluctuations, some women choose to take hormone therapy.

But not all women should use hormone therapy. Make the decision to try hormone therapy only after talking with your doctor. Carefully consider your own personal risks and whether the benefits of hormone therapy might outweigh those risks.

Major risks of hormone therapy

Among the possible risks of taking hormone therapy are:

  • Pulmonary embolism, a blockage in one of the arteries in your lungs
  • Deep vein thrombosis, a condition where blood clots form in veins deep within your body, often in your legs
  • Stroke
  • Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease
  • Breast cancer
Mar. 21, 2014 See more In-depth