In-depth

Causes

Anthrax

Lyme disease

Prevention

Childhood vaccines

Vaccines for adults

Symptoms

Headache

Nausea and vomiting

Symptom Checker

Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom.

Tests and diagnosis

CT scan

Lumbar puncture (spinal tap)

X-ray

Jan. 12, 2016
References
  1. Meningitis and encephalitis fact sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/encephalitis_meningitis/detail_encephalitis_meningitis.htm. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
  2. Bacterial meningitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/bacterial.html. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
  3. Bartt R. Acute bacterial and viral meningitis. Continuum Lifelong Learning in Neurology. 2012;18:1255.
  4. Viral meningitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
  5. Fungal meningitis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/fungal.html. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
  6. Derber CJ, et al. Head and neck emergencies. Medical Clinics of North America. 2012;96:1107.
  7. Longo DL, et al., eds. Meningitis, encephalitis, brain abscess, and empyema. In: Harrison's Principals of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
  8. Acute bacterial meningitis. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/neurologic_disorders/meningitis/acute_bacterial_meningitis.html. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
  9. Prevention — Listeriosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/listeria/prevention.html. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
  10. Subacute and chronic meningitis. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/neurologic_disorders/meningitis/subacute_and_chronic_meningitis.html. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
  11. Van de Beek D, et al. Advances in treatment of bacterial meningitis. The Lancet. 2012;380:1693.
  12. Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0 through 18 years — United States, 2012. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/child/0-18yrs-11x17-fold-pr.pdf. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
  13. Recommended adult immunization schedule — United States, 2012. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/adult/adult-schedule.pdf. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
  14. Meningococcal vaccine: Who and when to vaccinate. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd-vac/mening/who-vaccinate-hcp.htm. Accessed Nov. 19, 2015.
  15. Sexton D. Approach to the patient with chronic meningitis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 20, 2015.
  16. Johnson R. Aseptic meningitis in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 20, 2015.
  17. Di Pentima C. Viral meningitis: Management, prognosis, and prevention in children. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 20, 2015.
  18. Rabinstein AA (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Dec. 1, 2015.