In-depth

Complications

Erectile dysfunction

Osteoporosis

Symptoms

Fatigue

Tests and diagnosis

Genetic testing

Genetic testing is used to detect altered genes that may cause illness or disease. Although genetic testing can offer important health information, it has limitations.

Sept. 29, 2016
References
  1. Ferri FF. Hypogonadism, male. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2017. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 14, 2016.
  2. Snyder PJ. Clinical features and diagnosis of male hypogonadism. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 14, 2016.
  3. Khera M, et al. Adult-onset hypogonadism. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2016;91:908.
  4. Ask Mayo Expert. Male hypogonadism. Rochester, Minn: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  5. Snyder PJ. Testosterone treatment of male hypogonadism. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 14, 2016.
  6. Snyder PJ. Overview of testosterone deficiency in older men. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 14, 2016.
  7. Melmed S, et al. Endocrinology and aging. In: Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 13th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 14, 2016.
  8. Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. Institute of Medicine. http://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/Reports/2010/Dietary-Reference-Intakes-for-Calcium-and-Vitamin-D.aspx. Accessed Aug. 14, 2016.
  9. Tournaye H, et al. Concepts in diagnosis and therapy for male reproductive impairment. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. In press. Accessed Aug. 14, 2016.
  10. Dwyer AA, et al. Transition in endocrinology: Hypogonadism in adolescence. European Journal of Endocrinology. 2015;173:R15.
  11. Nippoldt TB (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Aug. 22, 2016.