Tests and diagnosis
Genetic testing is used to detect altered genes that may cause illness or disease. Although genetic testing can offer important health information, it has limitations.
July 10, 2014
- Snyder PJ. Clinical features and diagnosis of male hypogonadism. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 29, 2013.
- Anawalt BD, et al. Performance of total testosterone measurement to predict free testosterone for the biochemical evaluation of male hypogonadism. The Journal of Urology. 2012;187:1369.
- Papadakis MA, et al. Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2013. 52nd ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2013. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=1. Accessed July 29, 2013.
- Snyder PJ. Causes of primary of hypogonadism in males. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 29, 2013.
- Snyder PJ. Causes of secondary hypogonadism in males. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 29, 2013.
- Grinspon RP, et al. New perspectives in the diagnosis of pediatric male hypogonadism: The importance of AMH as a sertoli cell marker. Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia. 2011;55:512.
- Pantalone KM, et al. Male hypogonadism: More than just a low testosterone. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine. 2012;79:717.
- Snyder PJ. Testosterone treatment of male hypogonadism. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 29, 2013.
- Dietary Reference Intakes for calcium and vitamin D. Institute of Medicine. http://www.iom.edu/vitamind. Accessed July 31, 2013.
- Testosterone therapy in adult men with androgen deficiency syndromes. Chevy Chase, Md.: The Endocrine Society. http://www.endo-society.org/guidelines/Current-Clinical-Practice-Guidelines.cfm. Accessed July 31, 2013.
- Amore M, et al. Partial androgen deficiency, depression and testosterone treatment in aging men. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research. 2009;21:1.
- Snyder PJ. Overview of testosterone deficiency in elderly men. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 17, 2014.
- Finkle WD, et al. Increased risk of non-fatal myocardial infarction following testosterone therapy prescription in men. PLOS One. 2014;9:1.
- Aveed (prescribing information). Malvern, Pa.; Endo Pharmaceuticals Solutions Inc.; 2014. http://www.endo.com/File%20Library/Products/Prescribing%20Information/AVEED_prescribing_information.html. Accessed March 31, 2014.
- FDA adding general warning to testosterone products about potential for venous blood clots. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/ucm401746.htm. Accessed July 2, 2014.