Frequent cancer screening, preventive surgery and aspirin are options for reducing the risk of cancer in people with Lynch syndrome.
Taking care of yourself through diet, exercise and other lifestyle changes can help improve your overall health.
Take control of your health by trying to:
March 13, 2015
- Eat a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables for your diet. Also, select whole-grain products when possible.
- Exercise regularly. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week. If you haven't been active, talk to your doctor before you begin an exercise program. Try gentle exercises like walking or biking to get started.
- Maintain a healthy weight. A healthy diet and regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight. If you need to lose weight, talk with your doctor about your options. Eating fewer calories and increasing the amount of exercise you do can help you lose weight. Aim to lose 1 or 2 pounds a week.
Stop smoking. Smoking increases your risk of several types of cancer and other health conditions. Some evidence indicates smoking may increase the risk of colon cancer in people with Lynch syndrome.
If you smoke, stop. Your doctor can recommend strategies to help you quit. You have many options, such as nicotine replacement products, medications and support groups. If you don't smoke, don't start.
- Genetics of colorectal cancer (PDQ). National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/genetics/colorectal/healthprofessional. Accessed Feb. 17, 2015.
- Lindor NM, et al. Concise handbook of familial cancer susceptibility syndromes. Journal of the National Cancer Institute Monographs. 2008;38:1.
- Genetic/familial high-risk assessment: Colorectal. Fort Washington, Pa.: National Comprehensive Cancer Network. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp. Accessed Feb. 17, 2015.
- Lindor NM, et al. Recommendations for the care of individuals with an inherited predisposition to Lynch syndrome: A systematic review. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2006;296:1507.
- Giardiello FM, et al. Guidelines on genetic evaluation and management of Lynch syndrome: A consensus statement by the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer. Gastroenterology. 2014;147:502.
- Syngal S, et al. ACG clinical guideline: Genetic testing and management of hereditary gastrointestinal cancer syndromes. American Journal of Gastroenterology. 2015;110:223.
- AskMayoExpert. Lynch syndrome. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
- Making sense of your genes: A guide to genetic counseling. Genetic Alliance. http://www.geneticalliance.org/publications/guidetogeneticcounseling. Accessed Feb. 17, 2015.
- Lynch HT, et al. Milestones of Lynch syndrome: 1895-2015. Nature Reviews Cancer. http://www.nature.com/nrc/journal/vaop/ncurrent/abs/nrc3878.html. Accessed Feb. 17, 2015.
- Thibodeau SN, et al. Microsatellite instability in cancer of the proximal colon. Science. 1993;260:816.
- Vasen HF, et al. Revised guidelines for the clinical management of Lynch syndrome (HNPCC): Recommendations by a group of European experts. Gut. 2013; 62:812.
- Burn J, et al. Long-term effect of aspirin on cancer risk in carriers of hereditary colorectal cancer: An analysis from the CAPP2 randomised controlled trial. The Lancet. 2011;378:2081.
- Lindor NM. Lynch syndrome 101 (years, that is). American Society of Clinical Oncology. http://meetinglibrary.asco.org/content/114000027-144. Accessed Feb. 20, 2015.
- Lindor NM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz. Feb. 19, 2015.