DefinitionBy Mayo Clinic Staff
Lyme disease is caused by four main species of bacteria: Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia mayonii, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii bacteria. Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii cause Lyme disease in the United States, while Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are the leading causes of Lyme disease in Europe and Asia. The most common tick-borne illness in these regions, Lyme disease is transmitted by the bite of an infected black-legged tick, commonly known as a deer tick.
You're more likely to get Lyme disease if you live or spend time in grassy and heavily wooded areas where ticks carrying the disease thrive. It's important to take common-sense precautions in areas where ticks are prevalent.
April 03, 2016
- Lyme disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/lyme/. Accessed July 28, 2015.
- Hu L. Clinical manifestations of Lyme disease in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 28, 2015.
- Hu L. Treatment of Lyme disease. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 28, 2015.
- Shapiro ED. Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme Disease). Pediatrics in Review. 2014;35:500.
- Bismacine/chromacine. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/SafetyInformation/SafetyAlertsforHumanMedicalProducts/ucm150503.htm. Accessed July 28, 2015.