Diagnosis at Mayo Clinic

By Mayo Clinic Staff

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Diagnosis of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome begins with a physical exam. Referral to a vascular specialist is helpful for evaluation and treatment recommendations. During the evaluation your doctor:

  • Asks you questions about your family and medical history
  • Examines you for swelling, varicose veins and port-wine stains
  • Visually evaluates growth of your bones and soft tissues

Several diagnostic tests can help your doctor evaluate and determine the type and severity of your condition:

  • Duplex scanning. This test uses high-frequency sound waves to create detailed images of your blood vessels.
  • Scanogram. Also called scanner photography, this X-ray technique helps your doctor see images of your bones and measure their lengths.
  • Magnetic resonance angiography. This procedure helps your doctor differentiate between bone, fat, muscle and blood vessels.
  • CT scan. A CT scan creates 3-D images of your body that help your doctor look for blood clots in veins.
  • Contrast venography. This procedure involves injecting a dye into your veins and taking X-rays that can reveal abnormal veins, blockages or blood clots.
Sept. 17, 2015