With treatment and support, men with Klinefelter syndrome can expect to lead a normal life. The condition may cause minor symptoms that are hardly noticeable. Educational and social support can make a positive difference.
Boys with Klinefelter syndrome
To help your son cope with Klinefelter syndrome and promote healthy mental, physical, emotional and social development:
- Monitor your son's development carefully and seek help for problems you notice, such as trouble with speech or language.
- Encourage participation in sports and physical activities that will help build muscle strength and motor skills.
- Encourage your son to be independent. Be supportive but not overly protective, and provide a home environment with lots of positive feedback and encouragement.
- Cooperate closely with your son's school. Teachers, school counselors and administrators who understand your son's needs can make a big difference.
- Learn what support is available, such as special education services.
- Connect with other parents. Klinefelter syndrome is a common condition, and you — and your son — aren't alone. A number of Internet resources and support groups may help answer your questions and ease concerns.
Men with Klinefelter syndrome
Men with Klinefelter syndrome can benefit from several self-care measures:
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- Work closely with your doctor. Appropriate treatment can help you maintain your physical and mental health and prevent problems later in life, such as osteoporosis.
- Investigate your options for planning a family. You and your partner may want to talk to a doctor or other health professional about your options.
- Talk with others who have the condition. There are a number of resources that provide information about Klinefelter syndrome and perspectives of other men and their partners who cope with the condition. Many men also find it helpful to join a support group.
- Kliegman RM, et al. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.mdconsult.com/das/book/body/208746819-6/0/1608/0.html. Accessed April 29, 2013.
- Melmed S, et al. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.mdconsult.com/das/book/body/191205553-3/0/1555/0.html#. Accessed April 29, 2013.
- Wikstrom AM, et al. Klinefelter syndrome. Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2011;25:239.
- Sokol RZ. It's not all about the testes: Medical issues in Klinefelter patients. Fertility and Sterility. 2012;98:261.
- Klinefelter syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/klinefelter-syndrome. Accessed April 29, 2013.
- Klinefelter syndrome. National Institute of Child Health and Development. http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/klinefelter/conditioninfo/Pages/Default.aspx. Accessed April 29, 2013.
- Learning about Klinefelter syndrome. National Human Genome Research Institute. http://www.genome.gov/19519068. Accessed April 29, 2013.
- Nippoldt TB (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. May 2, 2013.