In-depth

Risk factors

Polycystic kidney disease

Symptoms

Nausea and vomiting

Painful urination (dysuria)

Symptom Checker

Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom.

Urine color

Tests and diagnosis

Computerized tomography (CT) urogram

CT scan

Intravenous pyelogram

Ultrasound

Urinalysis

Treatments and drugs

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy

May 18, 2017
References
  1. Goldman L, et al., eds. Nephrolithiasis. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 21, 2017.
  2. Kidney stones. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/kidney-stones. Accessed Jan. 21, 2017.
  3. McKean SC, et al. Kidney stones. In: Principles and Practice of Hospital Medicine. New York, N.Y: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed Jan. 21, 2017.
  4. What are kidney stones? American Urological Association. http://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/kidney-stones. Accessed Jan. 21, 2017.
  5. Kidney stone treatment: Shock wave lithotripsy. https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/kidneystones_shockwave. Accessed Jan. 21, 2017.
  6. Pearle MS, et al. Medical management of kidney stones: AUA guideline. The Journal of Urology. 2014;192:316.
  7. Melmed S, et al. Kidney stones. In: Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 21, 2017.
  8. Brown A. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct. 13, 2016.
  9. Humphries MR (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Jan. 25, 2017.