Risk factors

Polycystic kidney disease


Nausea and vomiting

Painful urination (dysuria)

Urine color

Tests and diagnosis

CT scan

Intravenous pyelogram

An intravenous pyelogram is an imaging exam that may be used to help diagnose urinary tract disorders.



Urinalysis can be used to assess your overall health, detect a wide range of disorders, or monitor a medical condition or treatment.

Treatments and drugs

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy

Feb. 26, 2015

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