Risk factors for ischemic colitis include:
Oct. 13, 2015
- Age. The condition occurs mostly frequently in adults older than age 60. Ischemic colitis that occurs in a young adult may be a sign of a blood-clotting abnormality or inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis).
- Clotting abnormalities. Conditions that affect the way the blood clots, such as Factor V Leiden, may increase the risk of ischemic colitis.
- High cholesterol, which can lead to atherosclerosis.
- Reduced blood flow, due to heart failure, low blood pressure and shock.
- Previous abdominal surgery. Scar tissue that forms after surgery may cause reduced blood flow.
- Heavy exercise, such as marathon running, which can lead to reduced blood flow to the colon.
- Surgery involving the large artery (aorta) that pumps blood from your heart to the rest of your body.
- Brandt LJ, et al. ACG clinical guideline: Epidemiology, risk factors, patterns of presentation, diagnosis, and management of colon ischemia (CI). American Journal of Gastroenterology. 2015;110:18.
- Grubel P, et al. Colonic ischemia. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 27, 2015.
- Navid K, et al. Ischemic colitis. Hospital Medicine Clinics. 2015;4:216.
- Yaddav S, et al. A population-based study of incidence, risk factors, clinical spectrum, and outcomes of ischemic colitis. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2015;13:731.
- Picco MF (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla. July 29, 2015.