If you have intermittent explosive disorder, prevention is likely beyond your control unless you get treatment from a professional. Combined with or as part of treatment, these suggestions may help you prevent some incidents from getting out of control:
Aug. 25, 2015
- Stick with your treatment. Attend your therapy sessions, practice your coping skills, and if your doctor has prescribed medication, be sure to take it. Your doctor may suggest maintenance medication to avoid recurrence of explosive episodes.
- Practice relaxation techniques. Regular use of deep breathing, relaxing imagery or yoga may help you stay calm.
- Develop new ways of thinking (cognitive restructuring). Changing the way you think about a frustrating situation by using rational thoughts, reasonable expectations and logic may improve how you view and react to an event.
- Use problem-solving. Make a plan to find a way to solve a frustrating problem. Even if you can't fix it right away, it can refocus your energy.
- Learn ways to improve your communication. Listen to the message the other person is trying to share, and then think about your best response rather than saying the first thing that pops into your head.
- Change your environment. When possible, leave or avoid situations that upset you. Also, scheduling personal time may enable you to better handle an upcoming stressful or frustrating situation.
- Avoid mood-altering substances. Don't use alcohol or recreational drugs.
- Intermittent explosive disorder. In: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-5. 5th ed. Arlington, Va.: American Psychiatric Association; 2013. http://www.psychiatryonline.org. Accessed July 23, 2015.
- Highlights of changes from DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5. American Psychiatric Association. http://www.dsm5.org/Pages/Default.aspx. Accessed July 23, 2015.
- Coccaro E. Intermittent explosive disorder in adults: Epidemiology, clinical features, assessment, and diagnosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 23, 2015.
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- Coccaro EF. Intermittent explosive disorder. In: Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders. 5th ed. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2014. http://psychiatryonline.org/doi/book/10.1176/appi.books.9781585625048. Accessed July 23, 2015.
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- Personal safety plan. The National Domestic Violence Hotline. http://www.thehotline.org/resources/victims-and-survivors/#tab-id-7. Accessed July 23, 2015.
- Path to safety. The National Domestic Violence Hotline. http://www.thehotline.org/help/path-to-safety. Accessed July 23, 2015.
- Finding resources in your area. The National Domestic Violence Hotline. http://www.thehotline.org/2012/07/finding-resources-in-your-area/. Accessed July 23, 2015.
- Palmer BA (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 27, 2015.
- Rohren CH (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Aug. 17, 2015.