In-depth

Causes

Gallstones

Gallstones often don't cause symptoms. But if you have a gallbladder attack, you're not likely to forget it.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A virus causes a highly contagious liver infection. Find out how to recognize it and when treatment is required.

Hypothyroidism

Although low levels of thyroid hormones (hypothyroidism) can leave you feeling tired and depressed, medications can help you live a normal life.

Sickle cell anemia

Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disease that causes pain, organ damage and other problems. Treatments may reduce pain and prevent complications.

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a parasite. It doesn't make most people ill, but infants and people with HIV/AIDS are at risk of complications.

Wilson's disease

In Wilson's disease, the body doesn't metabolize copper properly, causing excess amounts to accumulate in the liver and other organs.

Complications

Gallbladder cancer

Gallbladder cancer is an uncommon cancer that begins in your gallbladder.

Hepatitis B

Having hepatitis B increases your risk of serious liver disease. Protect yourself with a hepatitis B vaccine.

Liver disease

Find out how to prevent common liver problems.

Tests and diagnosis

Urinalysis

Urinalysis can be used to assess your overall health, detect a wide range of disorders, or monitor a medical condition or treatment.

Treatments and drugs

Blood transfusion

Blood transfusions boost blood levels that are low due to surgery, injury or disease. Learn about the benefits, risks and what to expect.

Apr. 03, 2014