In-depth

Lifestyle and home remedies

Daily water requirement

Strength training basics

Risk factors

Depression

Symptoms

Dry skin

Fatigue

Headache

Peripheral neuropathy

Tests and diagnosis

Bone density test

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)

Urinalysis

X-ray

May 19, 2017
References
  1. Primary hyperparathyroidism. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/endocrine-diseases/primary-hyperparathyroidism. Accessed Feb. 28, 2017.
  2. El-Hajj Fuleihan G. Pathogenesis and etiology of primary hyperthyroidism. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 28, 2017.
  3. About the parathyroid glands. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. http://www.empoweryourhealth.org/endocrine-conditions/parathyroid. Accessed Feb. 28, 2017.
  4. Ferri FF. Pericarditis. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2017. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 28, 2017.
  5. Abrams SA. Neonatal hypocalcemia. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Mar. 1, 2017.
  6. Jameson JL. Surgical management of hyperparathyroidism. In: Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.; Saunders Elsevier. 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 28, 2017.
  7. Wilhelm SM, et al. The American Association of Endocrine Surgeons guidelines for definitive management of primary hyperparathyroidism. JAMA Surgery. 2016;151:959.
  8. Hypoparathyroidism and hyperparathyroidism. National Health Service. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/hypoparathyroidism-hyperparathyroidism/Pages/Introduction.aspx. Accessed Feb. 28, 2017.
  9. Hormone replacement therapy. Micromedex 2.0 Healthcare Series. http://www.micromedexsolutions.com. Accessed March 1, 2017.
  10. Smoking and bone health. NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases — National Resource Center. https://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/Osteoporosis/Conditions_Behaviors/bone_smoking.asp. Accessed March 1, 2017.
  11. Calcium: Fact sheet for consumers. Office of Dietary Supplements. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Calcium-Consumer/. Accessed March 1, 2017.
  12. Cinacalcet. Micromedex 2.0 Healthcare Series. http://www.micromedexsolutions.com. Accessed March 1, 2017.
  13. Nippoldt TB (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 4, 2017.