Tests and diagnosis

By Mayo Clinic Staff

Your doctor will start with a physical exam, which will likely include:

  • Checking for tenderness in an enlarged scrotum.
  • Applying pressure to your abdomen and scrotum to check for inguinal hernia.
  • Shining a light through the scrotum (transillumination). If you have a hydrocele, transillumination will indicate the presence of clear fluid surrounding the testicle.

After that, your doctor might recommend:

  • Blood and urine tests to help determine if you have an infection, such as epididymitis
  • Ultrasound to help rule out hernia, testicular tumor or other causes of scrotal swelling
Oct. 09, 2014