If you or your child has painless scrotal swelling, you might be referred to a doctor who specializes in urinary tract and male sexual disorders (urologist).
To get all the information you need from your doctor, it helps to be well-prepared for your appointment. Here's how.
What you can do
- Make a list of any symptoms you or your child has had, and for how long.
- Write down key medical information, including any recent injuries that might have affected the scrotum and any possible sources of infection, including STIs.
- Make a list of all medications, vitamins or supplements that you or your child is currently taking.
- Write down questions to ask your doctor.
For hydrocele, some basic questions to ask your doctor include:
- What do you think is causing this swelling? Are there any other possible causes?
- What kinds of tests are needed?
- What treatment do you recommend, if any?
- What signs or symptoms will indicate that it's time to treat this condition?
- Do you recommend any restrictions on activity?
Don't hesitate to ask other questions that arise during your appointment.
What to expect from your doctor
Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions. Being ready to answer them might reserve time to go over any points of concern.
If your child is affected, your doctor might ask:
- When did you first notice this swelling? Has it increased over time?
- Is your child in any pain?
- Does your child have any other symptoms?
If you're affected, your doctor might ask:
- When did you first notice the swelling?
- Have you had any discharge from your penis or blood in your semen?
- Do you have discomfort or pain in the affected area?
- Do you have pain during intercourse or when you ejaculate?
- Do you have a frequent or urgent need to urinate? Does it hurt when you urinate?
- Have you and your partner been tested for STIs?
- Do your hobbies or work involve heavy lifting?
- Have you ever had a urinary tract or prostate infection, or other prostate conditions?
- Have you ever had radiation or surgery in the affected area?
What you can do in the meantime
If you are a sexually active adult, avoid sexual contact that could put your partner at risk of contracting an STI, including sexual intercourse, oral sex and any skin-to-skin genital contact.
Oct. 09, 2014
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- Brenner JS. Causes of painless scrotal swelling in children and adolescents. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 7, 2014.
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- AskMayoExpert. What are possible causes of pediatric testicular pain? Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
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- Kliegman RM, et al. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 8, 2014.
- AskMayoExpert. What tests are needed before scrotal surgery? Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
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