Overview

Hip dysplasia is the medical term for a hip socket that doesn't fully cover the ball portion of the upper thighbone. This allows the hip joint to become partially or completely dislocated. Most people with hip dysplasia are born with the condition.

Doctors will check your baby for signs of hip dysplasia shortly after birth and during well-baby visits. If hip dysplasia is diagnosed in early infancy, a soft brace can usually correct the problem.

If hip dysplasia is diagnosed after the age of 2, surgery may be necessary to move the bones into the proper positions for smooth joint movement.

Milder cases of hip dysplasia might not start causing symptoms until a person is a teenager or young adult. Hip dysplasia can damage the cartilage lining the joint, and it can also hurt the soft cartilage (labrum) that rims the socket portion of the hip joint. This is called a hip labral tear.

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March 18, 2015
References
  1. Kliegman RM, et al. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 8, 2014.
  2. Rosenfeld SB. Developmental dysplasia of the hip: Epidemiology and pathogenesis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 8, 2014.
  3. Developmental dislocation (dysplasia) of the hip (DDH). American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00347. Accessed Dec. 8, 2014.
  4. Rosenfeld SB. Developmental dysplasia of the hip: Clinical features and diagnosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 8, 2014.
  5. Rosenfeld SB. Developmental dysplasia of the hip: Treatment and outcome. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 8, 2014.
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  7. Zaltz I, et al. Complications associated with the periacetabular osteotomy: A prospective multicenter study. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, American volume. 201;96:1967.
  8. Miller HL. Decision Support System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 21, 2014.
  9. Cooper AP, et al. Evidence-based management of developmental dysplasia of the hip. Orthopedic Clinics of North America. 2014;45:341.
  10. Redmond JM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Fla. Jan. 22, 2015.
  11. Miller HL. Decision Support System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Jan. 8, 2015.
  12. Pagnano MW (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Jan. 22, 2015.
  13. Larson AN (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 10, 2015.

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