Chronic kidney disease, often caused by diabetes or high blood pressure, is the gradual loss of kidney function. Early detection and treatment can help.
Cushing syndrome is caused by an excess of the hormone cortisol, originating from your adrenal glands or from corticosteroid medications you're taking for another illness.
Some over-the-counter and prescription medications and supplements can raise your blood pressure. Find out if what you're taking could cause high blood pressure.
Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths in the pituitary gland in the brain. Most are noncancerous (benign). Some may cause overproduction of hormones and associated problems.
Spider bites — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, complications, treatment of spider bites.
High blood pressure and the medications to treat it can impact your sex life. Consider potential problems — and solutions.
High blood pressure is a risk factor for more than heart disease. Discover what complications high blood pressure can cause.
Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of sleep apnea — a condition that causes you to repeatedly stop breathing while you sleep.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Avoid the potential pitfalls of restaurant dining by watching out for hidden fat, excess salt and heaping portions.
The DASH diet doesn't have to be difficult. These tips can help you shop and cook according to DASH diet principles.
The DASH diet can control blood pressure and offer other health benefits. Here's how to make it a part of your healthy lifestyle.
The DASH diet emphasizes whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products. This table of recommended servings can help you plan meals.
Exercise is a great way to control your blood pressure. Even small changes in your daily routine can make a big difference.
The usual advice is eight hours a night, but many factors, such as age and genetics, influence how much shut-eye you need.
Lifestyle changes are an important part of controlling high blood pressure. Here are 10 ways to lower your blood pressure without medication.
Interested in following the DASH eating plan but not sure how? Here are sample menus to get you started.
Even though stress hasn't been proven to cause high blood pressure, reducing your stress can help control your blood pressure by improving your general health.
Get answers to frequently asked questions about birth control pills.
Coarctation of the aorta is a cardiovascular defect resulting in a narrowing of the aorta, the blood vessel that delivers oxygen-rich blood to your body.
Diabetes affects how your body uses blood sugar. Too much blood sugar over long periods can cause serious health problems, but treatments are available.
Think getting by on a few hours of sleep is no big deal? Think again.
Dizziness is one of the most common health concerns. However, few cases of dizziness are due to serious conditions.
Snoring may be just a nighttime annoyance, or it may indicate a more serious health condition. It can also disrupt your life and relationships.
Tests and diagnosis
You may have a blood pressure test as a part of a routine doctor's appointment or to check for high blood pressure or heart disease.
Treatments and drugs
Angiotensin II receptor blockers, sometimes called angiotensin II inhibitors, treat a variety of conditions, such as high blood pressure, heart failure and scleroderma.
Beta blockers treat a variety of conditions, such as high blood pressure, glaucoma and migraines. Find out more about dosing and side effects.
Calcium channel blockers, also called calcium antagonists, treat a variety of conditions, such as high blood pressure, migraines and Raynaud's disease.
Serotonin syndrome — caused by mixing some antidepressants and other medications — can be life-threatening if left untreated.
Sep. 06, 2014
- What is high blood pressure? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbp/. Accessed Dec. 13, 2013.
- What is high blood pressure? American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/AboutHighBloodPressure/What-is-High-Blood-Pressure_UCM_301759_Article.jsp. Accessed Dec. 13, 2013.
- U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for high blood pressure: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force reaffirmation recommendation statement. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2007;147:783.
- Kaplan NM, et al. Overview of hypertension in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 13, 2013.
- Egan BM. Treatment of hypertension in blacks. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 17, 2013.
- Kaplan NM. Obesity and weight reduction in hypertension. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 17, 2013.
- Tobacco and blood pressure. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/PreventionTreatmentofHighBloodPressure/Tobacco-and-Blood-Pressure_UCM_301886_Article.jsp. Accessed Dec. 17, 2013.
- Understand your risk for high blood pressure. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/UnderstandYourRiskforHighBloodPressure/Understand-Your-Risk-for-High-Blood-Pressure_UCM_002052_Article.jsp. Accessed Dec. 13, 2013.
- Kaplan NM, et al. Potassium and hypertension. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 17, 2013.
- Rosen CJ, et al. The nonskeletal effects of vitamin D: An Endocrine Society scientific statement. Endocrine Reviews. 2012;33:456.
- High blood pressure and women. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/UnderstandYourRiskforHighBloodPressure/High-Blood-Pressure-and-Women_UCM_301867_Article.jsp. Accessed Dec. 17, 2013.
- High blood pressure in children. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/UnderstandYourRiskforHighBloodPressure/High-Blood-Pressure-in-Children_UCM_301868_Article.jsp. Accessed Dec. 17, 2013.
- Why blood pressure matters. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/WhyBloodPressureMatters/Why-Blood-Pressure-Matters_UCM_002051_Article.jsp. Accessed Dec. 13, 2013.
- Kaplan NM, et al. Blood pressure measurement in the diagnosis and management of hypertension in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 19, 2013.
- Kaplan NM. Prehypertension. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 20, 2013.
- Home blood pressure monitoring. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/SymptomsDiagnosisMonitoringofHighBloodPressure/Home-Blood-Pressure-Monitoring_UCM_301874_Article.jsp. Accessed Dec. 13, 2013.
- James PA, et al. 2014 evidence-based blood pressure guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: Report from the panel members appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). The Journal of the American Medical Association. 2014;311:507.
- Mann JFE. Choice of therapy in primary (essential) hypertension: Recommendations. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 20, 2013.
- Diltiazem: Drug information. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 26, 2013.
- FDA drug safety communication: New warning and contraindication for blood pressure medicines containing aliskiren (Tekturna). http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/ucm300889.htm. Accessed Dec. 26, 2013.
- Aspirin and heart disease. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/PreventionTreatmentofHeartAttack/Aspirin-and-Heart-Disease_UCM_321714_Article.jsp. Accessed Dec. 26, 2013.
- Eckel RH, et al. 2013 AHA/ACC guideline on lifestyle management to reduce cardiovascular risk. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. In press. Accessed Dec. 26, 2013.
- Prevention and treatment of high blood pressure. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/PreventionTreatmentofHighBloodPressure/Prevention-Treatment-of-High-Blood-Pressure_UCM_002054_Article.jsp. Accessed Dec. 13, 2013.
- Kaplan NM, et al. Treatment of resistant hypertension. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 20, 2013.
- Kaplan NM, et al. Diet in the treatment and prevention of hypertension. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 26, 2013.
- Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/DGAs2010-PolicyDocument.htm. Accessed Dec. 26, 2013.
- Kaplan NM. Exercise in the treatment and prevention of hypertension. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 26, 2013.
- Brook RD, et al. Beyond medications and diet: Alternative approaches to lowering blood pressure: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association. 2013;61:1360.
- Natural medicines in the clinical management of hypertension. Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. http://www.naturaldatabase.com. Accessed Dec. 26, 2013.
- Sheps SG (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 10, 2014.
- Weinberg I, et al. The systolic blood pressure difference between arms and cardiovascular disease in the Framingham Heart Study. The American Journal of Medicine. 2014;127:209.
- Canzanello VJ (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 11, 2014.
You Are ... The Campaign for Mayo Clinic
Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. Make a difference today.