Blood pressure generally increases after menopause. Some doctors think this increase suggests that the hormonal changes of menopause may play a role in high blood pressure. Others think an increase in body mass index (BMI) in menopausal women may play a greater role than hormonal changes.
Menopause-related hormonal changes can lead to weight gain and make your blood pressure more reactive to salt in your diet — which, in turn, can lead to higher blood pressure. Some types of hormone therapy (HT) for menopause also may contribute to increases in blood pressure.
To control your blood pressure both before and after menopause, focus on a healthy lifestyle:
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Eat heart-healthy foods, such as whole grains, fruits and vegetables.
- Reduce the amount of processed foods and salt in your diet.
- Exercise on most days of the week.
- Limit or avoid alcohol.
- If you smoke, stop.
If necessary, your doctor may prescribe medication to help lower your blood pressure.
Jun. 21, 2013
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- Mosca L, et al. Evidence-based guidelines for cardiovascular disease prevention in women: 2011 update. Circulation. 2011;123:1243.
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- Gambacciani M, et al. Clinical and metabolic effects of drospirenone-estradiol in menopausal women: A prospective study. Climacteric. 2011;14:18.
- Haines CJ, et al. Menopause management: A cardiovascular risk-based approach. Climacteric. 2010;13:328.
- Prevention and treatment of high blood pressure. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/PreventionTreatmentofHighBloodPressure/Prevention-Treatment-of-High-Blood-Pressure_UCM_002054_Article.jsp. Accessed June 4, 2013.