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Soluble fiber makes it more difficult for your body to absorb dietary cholesterol. It can be found in foods like oats (including oatmeal), barley, beans, and some fruits and vegetables.
Plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds and vegetable oils, don't contain cholesterol. Instead, they contain plant-derived compounds called phytosterols, which are similar in structure and function to cholesterol. But phytosterols help lower cholesterol in people with normal-to-high levels of cholesterol.
Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fatty acids that your body doesn't produce and has to get from the foods you eat. They raise high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or "good," cholesterol, which helps prevent cholesterol buildup in the arteries. Omega-3 fatty acids can be found in fatty fish and fish oils, as well as in nuts, seeds, and canola and soybean oils.
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