Factors that may increase your risk of hiccups include:

  • Your sex. Men are much more likely to develop long-term hiccups than are women.
  • Mental or emotional issues. Anxiety, stress and excitement have been associated with some cases of short-term and long-term hiccups.
  • Surgery. Some people develop hiccups after undergoing general anesthesia or after procedures that involve abdominal organs.
Jun. 03, 2011