In-depth

Causes

Postpartum care: After a vaginal delivery

Third trimester pregnancy

Prevention

Pregnancy nutrition basics

Eating a healthy diet during pregnancy might be easier than you think. Find out what foods are best for you and your baby.

Symptoms

Anal pain

Rectal bleeding

Symptom Checker

Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom.

Tests and diagnosis

Colonoscopy

Flexible sigmoidoscopy

Has your doctor recommended a flexible sigmoidoscopy exam? Here's what you need to know about preparation and the exam itself.

Sept. 29, 2016
References
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  2. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/hemorrhoids/Pages/facts.aspx. Accessed May 22, 2016.
  3. Ferri FF. Hemorrhoids. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2016. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 23, 2016.
  4. Feldman M, et al. Diseases of the anorectum. In: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 22, 2016.
  5. Jacobs D. Hemorrhoids. New England Journal of Medicine. 2014;371:944.
  6. Sun Z, et al. Review of hemorrhoid disease: Presentation and management. Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery. 2016;29:22.
  7. Bleday R, et al. Hemorrhoids: Clinical manifestations and diagnosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 23, 2016.
  8. Bleday R, et al. Treatment of hemorrhoids. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 22, 2016.
  9. Rivadeneira DE, et al. Surgical treatment of hemorrhoidal disease. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 23, 2013.
  10. Brown AY. AllScripts EPSi. Rochester, Minn. May 25, 2016.
  11. U.S. News best hospitals 2015-2016. U.S. News & World Report. http://health.usnews.com/best-hospitals/rankings/gastroenterology-and-gi-surgery. Accessed April 6, 2016.
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