Symptoms and Causes

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms will vary, depending on the severity of the greenstick fracture. Mild fractures might be mistaken for sprains or bruises. More-severe greenstick fractures may cause an obvious deformity, accompanied by significant pain and swelling.

When to see a doctor

Contact your doctor if your child has persistent pain in an injured limb. Seek immediate medical attention if a child is unable to bear weight or if there is obvious pain, deformity and swelling.

Causes

Childhood fractures most commonly occur with a fall. Arm fractures are more common than leg fractures, since the common reaction is to throw out your arms to catch yourself when you fall.

April 28, 2016
References
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  2. Kliegman RM, et al. Common fractures. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 21, 2016.
  3. Schweich P. Distal forearm fractures in children: Diagnosis and assessment. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 21, 2016.
  4. Mencio GA. Fractures and dislocations of the forearm, wrist and hand. In: Green's Skeletal Trauma in Children. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 21, 2016.
  5. Mathison DJ, et al. General principles of fracture management: Fracture patterns and description in children. http://www.uptodate.com/home. March 21, 2016.
  6. Schweich P. Distal forearm fractures in children: Initial management. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 21, 2016.
  7. Schweich P. Closed reduction and casting of distal forearm fractures in children. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 21, 2016.
  8. Herring JA. Upper extremity injuries. In: Tachdjian's Pediatric Orthopedics. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 21, 2016.