In-depth

Causes

Hyperthyroidism

Symptoms

Symptom Checker

Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom.

Tests and diagnosis

Ultrasound

Treatments and drugs

Thyroidectomy

Nov. 09, 2016
References
  1. Goldman L, et al., eds. Thyroid. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 4, 2016.
  2. Flint PW, et al. Disorders of the thyroid gland. In: Cummings Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 4, 2016.
  3. Medeiros-Neto G, et al. Iodine-deficiency disorders. In: Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 4, 2016.
  4. Goiter. American Thyroid Association. http://www.thyroid.org/what-is-a-goiter/. Accessed Oct. 4, 2016.
  5. Goiter. Hormone Health Network. http://www.hormone.org/questions-and-answers/2013/goiter. Accessed Oct. 4, 2016.
  6. Iodine deficiency. American Thyroid Association. http://www.thyroid.org/iodine-deficiency/. Accessed Oct. 4, 2016.
  7. Simple nontoxic goiter (euthyroid goiter). Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/endocrine-and-metabolic-disorders/thyroid-disorders/simple-nontoxic-goiter. Accessed Oct. 4, 2016.
  8. Walsh JP. Managing thyroid disease in general practice. Medical Journal of Australia. 2016;205:179.
  9. Townsend CM Jr, et al. Endocrine. In: Sabiston Textbook of Surgery: The Biological Basis of Modern Surgical Practice. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 6, 2016.
  10. Nippoldt TB (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct. 26, 2016.