Glioma is a type of tumor that occurs in the brain and spinal cord. Gliomas form from the cells (glial cells) that surround and support nerve cells.
Types of glioma include:
- Astrocytomas, including astrocytoma, anaplastic astrocytoma and glioblastoma
- Ependymomas, including anaplastic ependymoma, myxopapillary ependymoma and subependymoma
- Oligoastrocytomas, including oligodendroglioma, anaplastic oligodendroglioma and anaplastic oligoastrocytoma
- Mixed tumor types, which involve more than one type of cell
What type of glioma you have helps determine your treatment and your prognosis. In general, glioma treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and clinical trials.
July 19, 2014
- Central nervous system cancers. Fort Washington, Pa.: National Comprehensive Cancer Network. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp. Accessed April 29, 2014.
- Winn RH. Youmans Neurological Surgery. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed April 29, 2014.
- Louis DN, et al. Classification of gliomas. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 29, 2014.
- Brain SPOREs. U.S. National Institutes of Health. http://trp.cancer.gov/spores/brain.htm. Accessed April 29, 2014.
- Moynihan TJ (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. May 12, 2014.