Gingivitis is common, and anyone can develop it. Many people first experience gum problems during puberty and then in varying degrees throughout life.

Factors that can increase your risk of gingivitis include:

  • Poor oral health habits
  • Tobacco use
  • Diabetes
  • Older age
  • Decreased immunity as a result of leukemia, HIV/AIDS or other conditions
  • Certain medications
  • Certain viral and fungal infections
  • Dry mouth
  • Hormonal changes, such as those related to pregnancy, your menstrual cycle or use of birth control pills
  • Poor nutrition
  • Substance abuse
  • Ill-fitting dental restorations
Jan. 22, 2014