Several factors can increase your risk of developing giant cell arteritis, including:
Oct. 02, 2015
- Age. Giant cell arteritis affects adults only, and rarely those under 50. Most people with this condition first experience warning signs between the ages of 70 and 80.
- Sex. Women are about two times more likely to develop the condition.
- Race and geographic region. Giant cell arteritis is most common among whites in northern European populations or of Scandinavian descent.
- Polymyalgia rheumatica. Having polymyalgia rheumatica puts you at increased risk of developing giant cell arteritis.
- Family history. Sometimes the condition runs in families.
- Borchers AT, et al. Giant cell arteritis: A review of classification, pathophysiology, geoepidemiology and treatment. Autoimmunity Reviews. 2012;11:A544.
- Giant cell arteritis. American College of Rheumatology. http://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Diseases-Conditions/Giant-Cell-Arteritis. Accessed Aug. 24, 2015.
- Mukhtyar C, et al. EULAR recommendations for the management of large vessel vasculitis. Annals of Rheumatic Diseases. 2009;68:318. http://ard.bmj.com. Accessed Aug. 24, 2015.
- Unizony S, et al. Inpatient complications in patients with giant cell arteritis: Decreased mortality and increased risk of thromboembolism, delirium and adrenal insufficiency. Rheumatology. 2015;54:1360.
- Weyand CM, et al. Giant-cell arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica. New England Journal of Medicine. 2014;371:50.
- Smith JH, et al. Giant cell arteritis. Headache. 2014;54:1273.
- Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Polymyalgia/default.asp. Accessed Aug. 24, 2015.
- Kermani TA, et al. Disease relapses among patients with giant cell arteritis: A prospective, longitudinal cohort study. Journal of Rheumatology. 2015;42:7.
- Singh AG, et al. Visual manifestations in giant cell arteritis: Trend over 5 decades in a population-based cohort. Journal of Rheumatology. 2015;42:2.
- Osteoporosis: Handout on health. NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center. http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/Osteoporosis/osteoporosis_hoh.asp. Accessed Aug. 25, 2015.
- Mollan SP, et al. Aspirin as adjunctive treatment for giant cell arteritis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com/sp-3.16.Ob/ovidweb.cgi. Accessed Aug. 25, 2015.
- Chang-Miller A (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Ariz. Sept. 3, 2015.