Mayo Clinic specialists have a variety of treatment options that may be used in combination, depending on the source of your GI bleeding:
- Endoscopic thermal probe. This treatment can stop bleeding from ulcers and other abnormalities by burning (coagulating) the blood vessel or abnormal tissue.
- Endoscopic injection. With endoscopic injection, your doctor can stop the bleeding by injecting a liquid, such as diluted epinephrine, at the source of the bleeding.
- Argon plasma coagulation and radiofrequency ablation are other types of thermal techniques used to treat abnormal blood vessels in the stomach, small intestine and colon.
- Endoscopic clips can be used to close a bleeding vessel or other defective tissue.
- Endoscopic band ligation uses special bands to treat bleeding hemorrhoids and bleeding blood vessels (varices) in the esophagus.
- Endoscopic intravariceal cyanoacrylate injection uses a special glue to treat difficult bleeding from varices in the stomach.
- Angiographic embolization injects particles directly into a blood vessel to stop bleeding.
If bleeding recurs after treatment, you may need a repeat evaluation and treatment. Although it's rare, you may need surgery.
Once the source of the bleeding is identified and stopped, the next step is to treat the condition that caused the bleeding in the first place.
Oct. 21, 2015
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