Why should I get my child 2 to 8 years a nasal spray vaccine if it is available?

In recent studies, the nasal spray vaccine prevented nearly 50 percent more cases of the flu than did the flu shot in younger children. If the nasal spray vaccine is not available or appropriate for your child, the flu shot is recommended. Don't delay vaccination if you can't find nasal spray flu vaccine.

What are the main differences between a flu shot and the nasal spray vaccine?

Both the flu shot and the nasal spray help protect you from influenza. But there are differences to consider before deciding between the two.

Flu shot Nasal spray
Administered through a needle — you'll need an injection Administered through a spray — you won't need an injection
Contains killed viruses — you can't pass the flu along to anyone else Contains weakened live viruses that won't give you the flu but that can, in rare cases, be transmitted to others
Approved for use in people 6 months of age and older Approved for nonpregnant, healthy people ages 2 to 49 years
Can be used in people at increased risk of flu-related complications, including pregnant women and those with chronic medical conditions Not given to those with chronic medical conditions or suppressed immune systems, or to children and adolescents receiving aspirin therapy

Can the vaccine give me the flu?

No. The flu vaccine can't give you the flu. But you might develop flu-like symptoms — despite getting a flu shot — for a variety of reasons, including:

  • Reaction to the vaccine. Some people experience muscle aches and fever for a day or two after receiving a flu shot. This may be a side effect of your body's production of protective antibodies. The nasal vaccine can cause runny nose, headache and sore throat.
  • The 2-week window. It takes about two weeks for the flu shot to take full effect. If you're exposed to the influenza virus shortly before or during that time period, you might catch the flu.
  • Mismatched flu viruses. In some years, the influenza viruses used for the vaccine don't match the viruses circulating during the flu season. If this occurs, your flu shot will be less effective, but may still offer some protection.
  • Other illnesses. Many other diseases, such as the common cold, also produce flu-like symptoms. So you may think you have the flu when you actually don't.

What kind of protection does the flu vaccine offer?

How well the flu vaccine works can vary. According to the CDC, in past flu seasons when the match between flu vaccine and circulating strains of flu virus is close, a flu shot is 71 percent effective in reducing flu-related hospitalizations among adults of all ages, and 77 percent effective among adults ages 50 and older. The flu shot may reduce a child's risk by 74 percent.

Can I lower my risk of the flu without getting a flu shot?

With or without a flu shot, you can take steps to help protect yourself from the flu and other viruses. Good hygiene remains your primary defense against contagious illnesses.

  • Wash your hands often and thoroughly with soap and water.
  • Use an alcohol-based sanitizer on your hands if soap and water aren't available.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth whenever possible.
  • Avoid crowds when the flu is most prevalent in your area.
  • Practice good health habits. Get plenty of sleep, exercise regularly, drink plenty of fluids, eat a nutritious diet, and manage your stress.
Oct. 04, 2014 See more In-depth